Lizard Island flora

Nature

Lizard Island is one of Australia's most remote and breathtaking locations and boasts amazing natural wonders all year round.
The Creation of Lizard Island
Lizard Island is made up of Granite rock which formed deep below the earth’s surface about 300 million years ago. Slow cooling underground caused the molten rock to solidify, exposing the granite hills and beautiful island paradise you see today.

Lizard Island National Park
Its beauty and wilderness are distinctive, and Lizard Island was declared a National Park in 1937, while its surrounding water was declared a Marine Park in 1974. Experience the natural island wonders on a guided interpretive walk or view our marine and terrestrial presentations, scheduled throughout the week, with our naturalist. 

Learn more about this fascinating reef and island environment, and the unique creatures that call it home...

Lizard Island Research Station
The secrets and mysteries of the island are unveiled at the Lizard Island Research Station. A facility of the Australian Museum, the research station is dedicated to supporting the advancement of knowledge and understanding of the Great Barrier Reef. 

Tours to the research station are conducted twice a week and available for all Lizard Island guests – please enquire upon booking.

Walks and Nature Trails
We invite you to join us for a guided interpretive walk to experience the nature, flora and fauna on the island. 

Nature Slide Presentations
Throughout the week, slide presentations with our naturalist are scheduled. The presentations cover topics covering marine and terrestrial information. Learn more about this fascinating reef and island environment, and the unique creatures that call it home. 

Lizard Island Nature Calendar
View the Lizard Island nature calendar below so that you will be sure not to miss out on your most treasured natural wonder, and experience truly unique ecotourism.

January
  • The Amphibious month
  • Green Tree Frogs dominate the nocturnal sound show as they come out to breed
  • The Black Flying Fox camps are at their largest, providing spectacular flight scenes at dusk
  • Monitor Lizard activity is high, they can be seen digging nesting tunnels around the island

February
  • Black-Naped Terns begin nesting
  • Terns swarming around Osprey Island prey on the summer fish stocks
  • The Melaleuca Forests flood and mangrove swamps are rich with juvenile fish life
  • Constellation of Orion dominates the early night sky

March
  • Crested Terns begin nesting
  • Pheasant Coucal birds can be seen changing to their darker plumage 
  • Sacred Kingfishers are often sighted around the island

April
  • Migratory birds, such as the Lesser Golden Plover, begin to show their breeding plumage before the migration to the northern latitudes
  • Bar Shouldered Doves begin nesting
  • Southern Cross constellation can be seen rising early in the night sky

May
  • Green Sea Turtles can be spotted feeding along the beaches at low tide
  • Clear skies and early twilights bring red sunsets over the Pacific
  • Kapok Bush begins to flower
  • Swallowtail Butterflies sighted around the resort

June
  • Humpback Whales begin their northern migration. Curious Minke Whales often approach tour vessel for a closer look
  • Playful Spinner Dolphins may surf the bow wave on the outer reef trips
  • Clear views from the top of Cooks Lookout
  • Centaurus shines over the meridian at night

July
  • Humpback Whale sightings during their migration to warmer waters for calving
  • Goannas often sighted along tracks warming their bodies in the midday sun
  • Osprey often sighted around their large, high nests

August
  • White-Breasted Wood swallows begin breeding
  • Umbrella trees show off their brilliant red flowers
  • Constellation of Scorpio dominates the spring night sky, chasing Orion over the western horizon

September
  • Marlin season begins with Giant Black Marlin cruising the outer reef during their breeding season
  • Minke and Humpback Whale sightings from around the island
  • Black Flying Foxes feed on the mango fruits around the resort at night
  • As the water temperatures warm towards 27°C, wildlife activity increases
  • The prominent bright yellow flowers of the Kapok Bush are in full bloom
  • The 'Teapot' in Sagittarius shines above at night

October
  • Lesser Golden Plovers arrive on the island from Siberia and Alaskan territories
  • Torres Strait Imperial Pigeons migrate down from Papua New Guinea to form breeding colonies on the island
  • Beach Stone Curlew patrol the beaches, acting as decoys for their nests
  • Black Marlin begin their spawning season on the outer reef

November
  • Coral reef annual spawning turns the blue waters orange toward the end of the month
  • Kapok Trees begin fruiting
  • Green, Loggerhead and Hawksbill Turtles graze on sea grasses along the beaches
  • Pelagic fish species increase activity around spawning season
  • Monitor Lizards become active while constructing nesting chambers

December
  • Occasional sightings of Manta Rays around the island
  • Water temperature is a warm 29°C